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Jun. 10th, 2007

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Influence of Magazines on US
  • Magazines were first US national mass medium
  • American culture was first identified and disseminated through magazines
  • Advertisers used magazines to build national markets.
  • The growth of national markets and national culture transformed US from agricultural economy to industrial economy.
  • In the 1950s, television took over as the leading mass market vehicle for national advertising

    First US Magazines
  • Philadelphians Benjamin Franklin and Andrew Bradford printed the first magazines in the American colonies.
  • 1741 - Franklin publishes General Magazines.
  • 1758 - Bradford printed and sold American Magazine at the corner of Front and Market Streets..
    Read more...Collapse )
  • Jun. 6th, 2007

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    Media Log Results

    I have some of the class aggregate results from the Media Log assignment. The first chart shows how many total hours all 15 students who completed the assignment spent on each medium. Some results

  • Watching TV dwarfed all other categories, with the class as a whole watching almost 140 hours over the three-day period.
  • Internet for Fun came in second, with the class as a whole spending almost 60 hours online for fun over the three-day period. If you added Internet for fun to Internet for work together, the total adds up to 100 hours online over the three-day period.
  • Listening to Recorded Music is third, with all students spending about 50 hours on this activity. This number has been higher in past media log assignments as students report listening to music while doing other activities.
  • Students reported spending the least amount of time with print magazines, followed by watching movies in a theater.

    See how men vs. women fared.Collapse )
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    BlogTalk 6: Newspapers

    Largest US Newspapers
  • USA Today - 2.2 million subscribers
  • Wall Street Journal - 1.8 million
  • New York Times - 1.1 million
  • LA Times - 955,000
  • Washington Post - 733,000
  • NY Daily News - 732,000
  • NY Post - 652,000
  • Chicago Tribune - 614,000
    Read more...Collapse )
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    Blogtalk 5: Journalism Ethics

    What Is Ethics?
  • Ethics is a philosophy of what is right and acceptable behavior.
  • Ethics can be thought of as promoting fair play, even for those we dislike.
  • Ethics is ultimately a personal code and a personal choice.
  • Situational ethics is the practice of judging a situation on the basis of the good that will likely come from a particular course of action (the ends justify the means)

    The Law and Ethics
  • Law and ethics are intertwined. Often, actions that are unethical are also illegal.
  • Laws are enforced by an external authority, usually by means of penalties.
  • Ethics are rules of conduct imposed upon individuals by themselves or by their peers.
  • Few penalties exist for violations of ethical behavior.

    Case Study 1: Undercover Video
    To show how easy it is for minors to buy alcohol, a news organization sends a 19-year-old into a couple of liquor stores. The reporters record video of the purchases through the store windows with a long lens from a van across the street. The reporters then walk into the stores with cameras rolling to interview the clerks.

    Should the news team use the video of the clerk?

    Not sure

    Read more...Collapse )
  • May. 31st, 2007

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    Blogtalk 4: Foundations of Mass Media Law

    The First Amendment Is the Foundation of US Media Law

    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

    Who Makes the Laws& Regulations That Affect Media in the US?
  • Local governments
  • State governments
  • Congress
  • FCC
  • FTC

    The Role of the Courts
  • The courts apply and interpret the laws
  • The Supreme Court of the United States is the court of final appeal
  • The Supreme Court’s role is often to interpret local, state and federal laws and regulations in terms of the Constitution

    Read more...Collapse )
  • May. 29th, 2007

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    Blogtalk 3: What Shapes the News?

    History of US Journalism
  • Colonial Period(1690-1780s)
  • Partisan Period (1780s-1830s)
  • Penny Press Period (1830s-1890s)
  • Yellow Press Period (begin 1890s)
  • Contemporary Period

    COLONIAL PERIOD 1690-1780s

    Public Occurrences
  • First newspaper: Publick Occurrences, Boston, 1690.
  • Published by Benjamin Harris.
  • Printed a story about the King of France having an affair.
  • Only one issue published - Harris did not have royal consent to publish.

    See a facsimile of Publick Occurences

    The saucy bit about the King of France that got Publick Occurrences in trouble

    More information about Publick Occurrences and the first newspapers in the American colonies:

    Read More HereCollapse )
  • May. 23rd, 2007

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    BlogTalk 2: What Is Journalism?

    Do People Need the News?
    Journalism, in some form, has always existed in human societies. Humans have a basic need to know what is going on beyond their immediate experience. People who can gather information from outside the immediate area in a timely fashion and then retell it in an engaging manner have always been valued.

    The Elements of Journalism
  • Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth
  • Journalism’s first loyalty is to citizens
  • Journalism’s essence is a discipline of verification
  • Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover
  • It must serve as an independent monitor of power
  • It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise
  • It must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant
  • It must keep the news comprehensive and proportional
  • Its practitioners must be allowed to exercise their personal conscience.
    --Project for Excellence in Journalism

    Primary Purpose

    The primary purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with the information they need to be free and self-governing.

    --Kovach and Rosenstiel

    Poll #767758 The Primary Purpose of Journalism

    To what extent do you think journalists today uphold Kovach and Rosenstiel’s “Primary Purpose?”

    Not at all
    Only when it's easy to do so
    About half the time
    Most of the time, even when it's difficult
    Almost all of the time

    Read the rest of BlogTalk 2 hereCollapse )
  • May. 18th, 2007

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    BlogTalk 1: What Is Communication?

    Types of Communication
  • Intrapersonal Communication - Communication with oneself
  • Interpersonal Communication - Communication between 2 people
  • Group Communication - Communication between more than 2 people
  • Mass Communication - Communication to large groups of people

    Communication Models
  • Models help us understand complex phenomenon
  • Different communication models illustrate different aspects of communication
  • Models are never perfect

    Read the Rest of BlogTalk 1Collapse )

    Informal Discussion Questions

  • Can you describe how the Basic Model of Communication may work for some of the media you use every day - TV, Internet, Magazine?
  • We will revisit the notions of media conglomeration and demassification throughout the semester. Can you think of any instance of media conglomeration or demassification that has impacted your life?
  • May. 16th, 2007

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    Shout Out to JOU55!

    Introduce yourself to JOU55 Online by leaving a comment to this post!
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    How To LiveJournal

    I will post all of the lecture notes and some additional information on this blog. While you will not need a LiveJournal account just to read the material that I post here, you will need a LiveJournal account to participate in some of the polls and respond to the posts. But most importantly, you need a LiveJournal account if you want to earn extra credit points by posting course-relevant material to this blog.

    Instructions are here.Collapse )

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